Helpful Terms
Helpful Terms - Kentico Software Public Sector Sales
Blanket Purchase Agreement (BPA) -  A Blanket Purchase Agreement, or BPA, is an agreement established by a customer with a GSA Schedule contractor to fill repetitive needs for supplies and services.  It simplifies the method of filling recurring needs, while leveraging a customer's buying power by taking advantage of quantity discounts, saving administrative time, and reducing paperwork.

Contractor Team Arrangements (CTA) - Under a Contractor Team Arrangement (CTA), two or more GSA Schedule contractors work together to meet ordering activity needs. By complementing each other's capabilities, the team offers a total solution to the ordering activity’s requirement, providing a win- situation for all parties. The use of CTA can benefit federal ordering activities by procuring a total solution rather than making separate buys for each part of a requirement and satisfying socio-economic procurement goals. 

Cooperative Purchasing Program - The Cooperative Purchasing Program allows state, local and tribal governments to benefit from pre-vetted vendors on a variety of Information Technology products and services as well as security and law enforcement products and services offered through specific GSA Schedule contracts. This program allows eligible entities to purchase from Cooperative Purchasing approved vendors, at any time, for any reason, using any funds available.  

Electronic and Information Technology (EIT) - EIT is information technology (IT), as defined at FAR 2.101, and any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment that is used in the creation, conversion, or duplication of data or information. In addition to IT, EIT includes:  telecommunication products, such as telephones; information kiosks; transaction machines; World Wide Web sites; Multimedia (including videotapes); and office equipment.

End User License Agreement (EULA) - In proprietary software, an end-user license agreement (EULA) or software license agreement is the contract between the licensor (Kentico) and purchaser, establishing the purchaser's right to use the software.  This "software license", is similar to a rental agreement where the user agrees to pay for the privilege of using the software, and promises the software author or publisher to comply with all restrictions stated in the EULA.

Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) - The FAR System governs the "acquisition process" by which the US federal government purchases (acquires) goods and services. The FAR System regulates the activities of government personnel in carrying out the acquisition process consisting of three phases: Need recognition and acquisition planning, Contract formation, and Contract administration.

Federal Acquisition Service (FAS) - GSA is the source solely dedicated to procuring goods and services for government. As an integral part of GSA, the Federal Acquisition Service (FAS) possesses unrivaled capability to deliver comprehensive products and services across government at the best value possible. FAS offers a continuum of innovative solutions and services in the areas from Technology to procurement and online acquisition tools.

Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP) - FedRAMP is a government-wide program that provides a standardized approach to security assessment, authorization, and continuous monitoring for cloud products and services.  FedRAMP serves as the standardized security planning framework for Government Cloud environments.  This framework assess the security posture as defined in the NIST SP 800-53 security controls.

General Services Administration (GSA) - The GSA is a single federal agency tasked with administering supplies and providing workplaces for federal employees.  The mission of the GSA is to deliver the best value in real estate, acquisition, and technology services to government and the American people. GSA establishes long-term government-wide contracts (GSA Schedule) with commercial firms to provide access to millions of commercial products and services at volume discount pricing, and oversees about $66B of procurement annually. These products can be ordered directly from GSA Schedule contractors or through the GSAAdvantage!® online shopping and ordering system. 

GSA Advantage! - This GSA System is an on-line, interactive electronic information and ordering system that provides on-line access to vendors schedule prices with ordering information. This system allows the users to perform various searches across all contracts including, but not limited to:
  • Manufacturer;
  • Manufacturer's Part Number; and
  • Product categories
Agency buyers can browse “GSA Advantage!” by accessing

Government-wide Acquisition Contract(s) (GWAC) - A government-wide acquisition contract (GWAC) is a contract between a commercial IT service or product vendor and the U.S. government that consolidates the procurement of IT solutions across multiple federal agencies.  A GWAC is a multiple-award, indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity (MA/IDIQ) contract, meaning that federal agencies can purchase an unlimited number of products or service hours under a single GWAC during a specified period of time.

GSA e-Library ( - GSA e-Library is an online source at for the latest contract award information. GSA e-Library is available 24/7 providing up-to-date information on which suppliers have contracts and what items are available.

GSA Federal Supply Schedule (FSS) - Federal Supply Schedules, also known as the Multiple Award Schedule (MAS), are large contracts which are used to procure goods and services for the Federal Government.  These schedule contracts are awarded through a competitive procurement process such that eligible buyers may purchase directly from contract holder's Schedule and maintain compliance with the laws and regulations governing Federal Government business practices.  Individual products and services may be purchased directly by using the GSA Advantage! On-line Ordering System

GSA IT Schedule 70 (IT-70) - IT Schedule 70 is the largest, most widely used acquisition vehicle in the federal government. Schedule 70 is an indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity (IDIQ) multiple award schedule, providing innovative technology products, services and solutions from more than 5,000 certified industry partners. All of IT 70's Solutions and Special Item Numbers (SINs) are also available to state, local, and tribal governments through the Cooperative Purchasing Program.

Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity (IDIQ) - Is a type Federal government contract that provides indefinite quantity of supplies or services during a fixed period of time. IDIQs are normally used when GSA can’t determine, above a specified minimum, the precise quantities of supplies or services that the government will require during the contract period and are most often used for service contracts and awards are usually for base years and option years. IDIQs help streamline the contract process and speed service delivery. The government places delivery orders (for supplies) or task orders (for services) against a basic contract for individual requirements.

NAICS Code - NAICS is used by business and government to classify business establishments according to type of economic activity (process of production). The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) classifies business establishments for the purpose of collecting, analyzing, and publishing statistical data related to the U.S. economy.  NAICS codes are also used for administrative, contracting, and tax purposes. NAICS is production oriented (not product oriented) and categorizes businesses with others that have similar methods of production

Size Standard - A size standard, which is usually stated in number of employees or average annual receipts, represents the largest size that a business (including its subsidiaries and affiliates) may be to remain classified as a small business for SBA and federal contracting programs. The definition of “small” varies by industry.

Special Item Number (SIN) - Each GSA Schedule is composed of Special Item Numbers (SINs). It’s a categorization method that groups similar products, services, and solutions together to aid in the acquisition process. GSA Contract Schedules supplies and services are categorized by special item numbers called (SINS).

System of Award Management (SAM) - The System for Award Management (SAM) is the Official U.S. Government system collecting data from suppliers, validating and storing this data, and disseminating it to various government acquisition agencies. In July of 2012 (SAM) was formed for the purpose of consolidating the capabilities of multiple groups: CCR/FedReg, ORCA, and EPLS.

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